KARKATA SRNGI

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 KARKATA SRNGI
Pistacia integerrima/ Rhzus succedanea Linn( commercial- [AD])
Botanical Name— Rhus succedanea Linn.
Family- ANACARDACEAE
                         

Names in different languages
Hindi-Kakada singi; Telugu- Karkata sringi;
Synonyms—Ajasrngi, Kulira visãnikã, Vakrã, Srñgi
Scientific classification: Pistachios make up the genus Pistacia of the family Anacardiaceae. The pistachio, or pistacia, tree is classified as Pistacia vera, Pistacia integerrima, and the turpentine tree as Pistacia terebinthus.


Classification according to Caraka, Susrutha & Vagbhata

 Caraka            Kãsahara, Hikkanigrahana, Madhura skañdha
Susruta           Kakolyãdi, Padmakãdi
Vagbhata –


Introduction—

       Karkada is the name of the tree producing srngi (gall). People consider this tree as dreadful. It is important to note that Susruta classified it as poisonous tuber.Gall produced by the help of a insect- Dasia aedifactor – (plant produce resin against insect). Mainly effective in children’s diseases.



                       
Varieties & adulterants 
1. Pistacia  chinensis
2. Rhzus succedanea Linn( commercial)
3.  Ajasrngi ,Mesasrngi, Uttamãsrngi  ( controversial- creeper) 
4. Karkatika
5. Karktahvaya
6. Karkatãkhya

Morphology
It is glabrous tree grown unto 16m, dark grey or blackish bark.
Leaves- 20-25 cm long, with or without terminal leaflet; leaflets 4-5 pairs, lanceolate, coriacious, base oblique.
Flowers- in lateral panicles; male compact, pubescent; female lax, elongate.
Fruit- drupe, globose, dry, stony, broader than long, glabrous, rugose, grey. Seeds with a membranous testa. (Flowers and fruits during March-April).


Distribution & Habitat
North-west Himalayas (Indus to Kumaon) at 400- 2000 m; cultivated in Punjab plains.

Chemical composition It has 60% tanin and 1.21% volatile oil, Fresh hirda, maiphal , tannins.


Galls—
essential oils, resin, pistacienoic acids A & B, 3— sitosterol, aromadendrene, camphene, caprylic acid, cineol, a— pinene etc.
Leaves & bark— tannins.
Seeds—amino acids, dihydromalvic acid, proteins etc.
Seeds—sterals, triterpenoids etc.
Drupe-oil— pistacin, pistacinin, dihydroquercetin etc.
Rhzus succedanea



Properties—
Rasa Kasäya, Tikta
Guna Laghu, Ruksa

Virya Usna
Vipãka Katu

Karma Kapha-vatahara, vrsya, Grãhi, Dipana
External use : It is applied on swelling (edema). In pyorrhoea, gargles of decoction is useful, Fowler’s applied on both fresh and chronic wounds
Internal use
Digestive system it is an appetizer. carminative and astringent in nature, thus useful and effective in anorexia, diarrhoea, dysentery.
Respiratory system Because of its bitter and pungent taste it is an expectorant. Helps in hiccoughs. cough and dyspnoea. It strengthens the respiratory membrane inner lining of the surface.

Reproductive system It reduces uterine exudates: thus helps in healing.
Temperature it is used in fever induced by vata and kapha.

Satmikaran Being bitter and hot, it is a hitter tonic rasayan. Useful as rasayan in tuberculosis.
Important Yogas or Formations
Shningyadi churna. Karkatadi churna, Balachatsirbhadra, Balasanjivoni churna (Mixture of Ativisha, Kakadshingi and Nagarmotha, Ativtsha’digestive, Kakadshingi ‘Nagarmntha. Dhatugami.

Srotogamitva
Dosha Kaphaghna. vatashamak.
Dhatu Rasayani - rasa (fever).
Mala Purisha - constipative.
Srotas : Respiratory system - )dyspnoea and cough - specially in children). Uterus (endometrial).
Age . children upto 3-4 years of age.
Indications— roga. Jvara, Kãsa-vãsa, Hikkã, Trsnã, Chardi, Aruci, Bãla
Part Used— Galls.
Dosage— Powder 4-5 g
Important research work going on
1. CNS depressant activity


Therapeutic Uses—

(1) Vãjikarana— Karkatarni kalka should be taken with milk while consuming sugar, ghee and milk as the main diet(A.S.Ut.50).
(2) Vãtaja Kasa—Karkatasrngi powder is given with oil as Anupãna (C.S.Ci. 18).
(3) Kãsa— Karkatasrngi powder may be licked with ghee, sugar and honey followed by milk as Anupana (A.S.Ci.4).

(4) Kapha Chardi— Powder of Mustã and Karkatasrngi is useful (C.S.Ci.20).

1 comments:

  1. anoop sharma

    Information is very good. You can also Find all Indian medicinal plants and their uses with pictures and scientific names. Know about their common & botanical name in hindi & english. We will also tell you benefits of these medicinal herbs in Ayurveda for the treatment of diseases.

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