NIMBA

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 NIMBA

Botanical Name— Azadirachta indica A. Juss

Family-MELIACEAE 
Names in different languages
Hindi- Nim; English- Margosa tree or Neem tree; Telugu-Vepachettu; Malayalam-Veppu; Tamil-Vembu; Gujarati-Limado

Synonyms—Arita, Picumarda, Picumanda, Sarvatobhadra,
Hinguniryasa,Yavanesta,Sukapriya, Netã, Subhadra, Prabhadra, Sutiktã.

Classification according to Caraka, Susrutha & Vagbhata

Caraka           Kandughna, Tiktaskandha

Susruta          Aragvadhadi, Gudücyãdi, Lãksãdi

Vagbhata         Aragvadhadi, Guducyadi, Lãksãdi

Introduction
       This plant very useful in skin disease. it  used as biological pesticide. Seed oil using for hair fall. 

Varieties & adulterants  - (CV – controversy, AD – adulterants) 

1.Nimba = Azadirachta indica
2. Parvata Nimba = Melia azaderach Linn.
3.Mahã Nimba = Ailanthus exelsa( see disc 2)



Morphology
It is a large tree growing up to 18 m. high with almost a straight trunk.
Leaves- pinnate, crowded at the ends, of branches; leaflets 9-17, opposite, sub opposite or alternate; lanceolate, acuminate, serrate or dentate, glabrous.

Flowers-numerous, white, honey-scented.
Fruits- 1- seeded drupes, oblong, yellow when ripe.
Seeds contain oil. (Flowers in February-April and fruits during June-August)

Distribution & Habitat
Commonly found in various parts of India.

Chemical constituents—
Leaves— Azadirachtin, azadirachtanin, azadirone, nimbandiol, nimbin, nimbolide etc.
Stem bark— nimbin, nimbidin, nimbinin, sitosterol, kulinone, margosinolide etc. Root bark—nimbin, nimbidin.
Fruits—Azadirachtin, azadirachtol,azadirachnol, melianone, nimbiol, nmocin etc.

Seed oil—Tocopherol, azadirone, azadiradione, nimbinin, salannol, nimbin, nimbidin etc.
Flowers—Azadiradione, margosene, linoleic acid, arachidic acid etc.
Properties—

Rasa Tikta, Kasaya
Guna Laghu, Rüksa
 Virya  Sita
Vipäka Katu
 Karma Kapha-pittahara, Dipana, Grãhi, Krmighna, Netrya

Internal uses : -
Digestive system By its astringent and bitter property it improves taste and is constipative.
Fruit is purgative.
Leaves are stimulant of liver. Its bark decoction with honey is useful In jaundice, anorexia, vomiting, dysentery, intestinal worms, liver diseases. Ointment prepared from seeds is applied in piles.
Respiratory system : Its property of tikta reduces the kapha from respiratory passage. Leaves are more useful in excessive mucous secretion, Bark decoction is used in chronic cough. 30- 60 cc of liquid collected from the trunk is given in TB.

Urinary system : It is effective in diabetes.
Reproductive system : its seed uterine stimulant. Seed powder is used in dysmenorrhciea and puerpeijum. Continuous use of leaves leads to a decrease in the shukra dhatus. it is a uterine Ionic. Since it is excreted in human milk, it is useful in preventing cough and skin diseases in infants
(so it is called as balant nimba).

Skin : It is useful in all skin conditions specially in burning sensation.
Satmikaran : In general debility, young leaves and gum is useful. The concept behind chewing nimbo leaves on Marathi is to prevent kapha disease. watery discharge from nimba is useful in ematiation and TB. Nimba is best rasayan in medorog flat disorders)

Temperature : Antipuretic. useful in chronic kapha jwara malarial fever & fever.

Eyes : Tender leaves anti flowers are useful in many skin disorders,
 Useful parts Flowers, leaves, bark, seed and oil.

.
Srotogamitva
Dosha : Kaphaghna, pittaghna, vatapvardhak.
Dhatu : Rakta, meda. leaves
- shukra.
Mala : Reduces urine. purisha constipation).
Organ : Stomach - eye
Indication- Kãsa, Chardi, Kustha, Krmi, Prameha, Vrana,
 Arsas,gulma,Netra roga Kandu   

Part used  bark,leaves

Dosage: Bark powder 4-10g fresh juice 15-30ml, seed oil 5-10 drops.

Important Yogas or Formations
 Nimbadichurna. Nimbarishta. Nimbaharidra Neem is exclusively found in lndia Does not survive where the rainfall is more than 75 inches Nirnbãdi tailam, Nimbãdi cürnam, Nimbaristarn, Arogyavardhini Ras (Bhãvana dravya), NimbaHaridra khanda, Pañcanimba Clirnam, Arohari, Pañcatikta guggulu ghrta.

Important research work going on

(1) Anti-fertility activity

(2) Anti-inflammatory & anti-arthritic activity

(3) Cardiovascular activity
 (4) Anti-diabetic activity

(5) Skin disorder & Anti-micro activity

(6) CNS depressant activity

(7) Immunostimulant activity

Therapeutic Uses

(1)Skin diseases -  leaves and Amalaki dried fruit are mixed with ghee and given regularly.

(2) jwara—leaf juice

1 comments:

  1. Amit Dahiya

    this is a nice post to share the knowledge of natural treatment use and beneficial for those who are suffering from unwanted diseases , remedies which can be done at home with common home based thing, many natural home remedies are given in this blog. Way or Prakartik Chikitsa is given over here , I say thanks to the blogger who share this meaningful or valuable information, thanks for ancient Ayurved knowledge Home Remedies with many natural products,

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