GUGGULU

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GUGGULU

Botanical Name— Commiphora mukul  (Hook. ex. Stocks) Engl. (C. wightii (Arn.)Bhand.)
Famlly—BURSERACEAE 


Names in different languages
Hindi- Guggula; English- Indian Bedellium;
Telugu-Guggilam; Kannada-Kanthagana

Synonyms—Kouika, Devadhüpa, Palarnkasã, Purã




Classification according to Caraka, Susrutha & Vagbhata

 Caraka   Sañjnasthãpana

 Susrutha      Eladi

Vagbhata    Eladi

 Introduction—Gulggulu is described as ‘Agni sthãna’ and used for ‘Dhupa’. It show antibacterial activity. Resin of this plant uses.
      


Varieties & adulterants 

1. Mahishaksha - (Mhashya guggul).black. for human use
 2. Mahaneed- blue.
3. Kurnud - white.
4. Padma - brown, for animal use,
5. Kanak - (Kanaguggul) - yellow, for human use.
6. Kana guggul - it is found in marwar, greenish yellow, soft and grannular,
7. Ehaisa (Mhasha) guggul -is found in Sindh and Kutch. greenish yellow but brittle and soft.
8.  Hirayca,

In absence of guggul Commiphora myrrh is used.

Medicinalguggul is known as kanaguggul.



Morphology
It is a small tree or shrub with spinescent branches.
Leaves- unifoliate, alternate or crowed at the end of short branches, cuneate-obovate, rhomboidal or oval, acute, deeply serrate, smooth and shining.
Flowers- small, subsessile, 2-3 together, unisexual. Males with ovary short and barren; females with short stamens and imperfect anthers. Calyx cylindrical. Petals 4-5, star-shaped, brownish red, trips curled back.
Fruit- red drupes, ovate, acuminate, separating into 2 fleshy valves, leaving the nut enveloped by a 4-cleft yellow pulp. Nuts ovoid, acute, splitting into two, each 1-celled. (Flowers in March-April and Fruits later).



Distribution & Habitat
Arid and rocky regions of South-West and Northwestern regions of India. Sindh, Kutch Mysore, Assam, East Bengal, Arabia and Africa.



Chemical composition Contains essential oil, resin, gum, and bitter Oleoresin- z-guggulsterone, E-guggulsterone Gum- guggullignans I & II; guggulu tetrols; mukulol;allylcembrol; c-27 guggulusterols I, II & III; Z-and E-guggulusterol etc.

Properties—
Rasa   Tikta, katu
Guna Laghu, Ruksa, Visada, Süksma, Sara (old)
           Snigdha
Virya Usna
Vipaka Katu

Karma Tridosahara, Rasayana, Vrsya (new), Lekhana (old)
Cardiogiser CommiphoraMukul


Identification test for purity Pure guggul is singdha, soft, sticky with sweet smell, bitter taste, yellowish tinge, soluble in water, not contaminated with mud or sand. Any variety other than these qualities should be considered as impure. Potency lasts for twenty years.

External uses : Anti inflammatory, analgesic, clearing of wound and healing due to antibacterial action . Paste of guggul is locally applied in rheumatoid arthritis, cervical lymphadenitis, skin diseases, piles etc. It reduces foul smell and swelling of wound. Its vapours are useful as deodorant and disinfectant in the house.
Internal uses:
Nervous system : Valashamak, analgesic, nervine tonic, so guggul is useful in neuralgia, rheumatoid arthritis, sciatica, facial paralysis. hemiplegia and gout etc. It is welt known and popular medicine for vata disordess. Triphala + guggul is a popular medicine given internatty in wound
Digestive system : It is an appetizer by pungent and bitterness: laxative by snigdha. pichchila and tikshna; liver stimulant. antihaemorrboidal and anthetmintic by bitter and ushna gunas. Hence guggul is useful in loss of appetite constipation, liver diseases, piles and worms

Circulatory system : It is a cardiac tonic. It increases haemoglobin and leucocyte count and enhances blood quality.
Respiratory system : Expectorant being snigdha and pichchila. It is deodorant. anthelmintic. Useful in chronic cough and chronic asthma.

Urinary system : Lithotryptic due to tikshna and diuretic properties. Also useful in dysuria and gonorrhoea.

Reproductive system : Guggul is ushna, tikshna, increases sexual power and acts as an emmenagogue. It is also useful in oligosperima, impotency. dysmenorrhoea, Leucorrhoea and other gynaecological diseases ,infertility.

Satmikaran: Guggul works on all tissues of body and is effective in rejuvenating body tissues and increasing strength. Fresh guggul is useful in weakness and loss of weight, but on becoming old, is useful in diabetes and obesity. It is also a good rasayan in obesity and diseases of vatakapha. It also helps in digestion of oil and ghee.
Skin : Effective in dermatoses, enhances complexion and useful in many skin diseases.
Temperature: Sheetaprashamak by ushna property, its vapours are useful in typhoid. Parts used :
Purification :guggul is purified by boiling in cow’s milk in dolayantra.

Srotogamitva:

Dosha:Kaphaghna, vataghna, pittashodhak and tridoshaghna.
Dhatu : Mansa, meda {brihan - increases body weight), asthi - promotes union of fractures, shukra promotes fertility, rasayan- old -medokarshan.

 Indications_: Medoroga, Amavãta, Vãta vyadhi, Prameha, Apaci, Gandamãlã, Sotha, Pitakã, Ars, Kustha



Part used— Olceo-resin/Gum.
Dosage— 2-4 g.
Important Yogas or Formations
Satdharana yoga, Yogaraja guggulu, Pañca Tikta Guggulu ghtam, Simhanãda guggulu, Cañdraprabhävati, ArOgyavardhini Rasa, Navaka Guggulu, Amrtãdi guggulu, Guggulu Tikta Kasaya, Kãflcanãra guggulu, Kaisora guggulu, Goksurãdi guggulu.

Important research work going on

(1) Anti-inflammatory and anti-arthritic activity
(2) Antifertility activity

(3) Anti-atherosclerotic activity

(4) Anti-obesity activity

(5) Hypolipidemic hypocholesterolaemic activity
(6) hypolipaemic activity
(7) hypocholesterolemic activity

Therapeutic Uses—

(1) Udara- Guggulu shall be used (C.S.Ci.13).

(2) Kröstuka sirsa vãta— Guggulu may be used with Triphalã decoction (V. M & V. S.)

(3) Urustambha—Guggulu to be taken with cow’s urine (V.M.).

(4) Amavãta—Haritaki, Guggulu and si1ajatu may be given with urine (A.H.Ci.21).

3 comments:

  1. Ramdev Baba

    Hiii Good blog...

    kanchnar guggul is life saver herbal suppliment. It is very useful in chronic tumors, cancer and other deadly diseases..

    Thank You!

  1. Bruce wayne

    Kanchnar Guggul is a classical Ayurvedic formula which supports normal function of Thyroid gland and promotes elimination of natural toxins

  1. naveen kumar

    How to purify guggilam?

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