TEJOHVA

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TEJOHVA

Botanical Name— Zanthoxylum alatum Roxb. (Z. armatum Dc. or Z. planispinum Sieb &Zucc.)
Family—RUTACEAE 
                                                 

Names in different languages
Hindi-Tejabala; English- Toothache tree; Bengali- Nepali Dhane
Synonyms—Tumburu, Tejasvini, Tejovati, Vanaja, Sourabha

Scientific classification: Prickly ash species belong to the rue family, Rutaceae. They constitute the genus Zanthoxylum. Northern prickly ash is classified as Zanthoxylum americanum, Southern prickly ash or Hercules’ club as Zanthoxylum claval-herculis, and lime prickly ash as Zanthoxylum fagara. The devil’s walking stick is classified as Aralia spinosa and belongs to the ginseng family, Araliaceae.


Classification according to Caraka, Susruta & Vagbhata
Caraka    Sirovirecana, Katu skandha
Susrutha
 Vagbhata

Introduction—
Only Vagbhata quoted the synonym Tejini. Tejovati & tumburu names used by Acharyas.


Varieties & adulterants 
1. Kãkamardanikã Cardiospetmum heliCacabum .
2. Zanthoxylum budrunga wall (Z. Rhetsa Dc)
3.  Z. limonella (Dennst.) Alston and
4.  Z. acanthopodium Dc

Morphology

     A small tree or shrub, with dense foliage and pungent, aromatic taste and smell; prickles often vertically flattened on the trunk and branches, the older with a cocky base.
 Leaves- 4-15 cm, imparipinnate petiole glabrous narrowly winged, with two stipular prickler at the base; leaflets 2-6 pairs, lanceolate, glabrous beneath.
Flowers-in sparse panicles. Ripe carpels usually solitary, laxly panicled, broadly ovoid, pale red.

(Flowers in June-August and fruits in October-November)


Distribution & Habitat  : hot valleys of sub-tropic Himalayas from Jammu to Assam and Khasi hills.

Important Yogas or Formations

Tejovatyadi ghrta,kanakaksiri tailm. Tikteksvadi tailm

 chemical constituents

Bark— berberine, xanthoplanine, magnoflorine
Fruits— arginine, histicline, thujene, xanthoxylene etc.
Root— spilanthol


Properties—

Rasa       Katu, Tikta
Guna         Laghu, Rüka, Tiksna

Virya           Usna
Vipäka         Katu

Karma          Kapha-vãta hara, Kanthya, Dipafla-Pacana

Part used : leaves. Flowers
Dosage—Powder 1-2 g. (fruit upto 3 gm.)
External uses :
         It is antiparasitic, stimulant and prevents necrosis. Its powder is used for dusting on wound. Local application is used in headache and heaviness of head. Juice is used for gargling in oral, dental and throat disorders.

Internal uses :
Nervous system : Vatahara and nervine stimulant, hence useful in vata disorders (paralysis and rheumatoid arthritis.)
Digestive system : Being an appetizer, digestive, .liver stimulant and anthelmintic. fruit is chewed and kept In mouth for brushing in dental diseases. Tejovha is used in anorexia, diarrhoea, liver and spleen enlargement and haemorrhoids.

Circulatory system : Because of tikshna, ushna and cardiac ‘stimulant properties, it is used in heart diseases
Respiratory system Useful in asthma and cough as it is kaphaghna.
Urinary system Being diuretic It is used in dysuria
Skin : Diaphoretic and cures skin disorders, hence useful in skin diseases.

Temperature   useful in fever
Indications- Hrdröga, Mukha roga, Dantaroga, Kantha roga, Agnimandya Aras, vasa-kãsa, Amavãta, Apatantraka, Udara.


Therapeutic Uses—

(1) Mukha roga— Equal parts of Pãhã, Tejovti and Haritaki are powdered mixed with honey and chewed (C.S.Ci.26).

(2) Aras-Tumburu, Vianga, Devadãru and Yava are mixed with ghee and used for fumigation (C.S.Ci.26).
(3) Karna roga—oil prepared with Hingu, Tumburu and sunthi is used as ear drops (C.S.Ci.26).
Research—

Anthelminitic activity

1 comments:

  1. Dr.Prabhakar shendye

    Very good information

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